Who is an unemployed individual?
This refers to a individual who is available for and actively searching for work, but has not been able to find work; he or she has not worked for more than one hour within any granted week.
What are the kinds of job loss?
There are mainly three kinds of job loss:
- Cyclical job loss which happens as a result of a deficiency of aggregate demand and is associated with a fall in the number of jobs. It is very much connected to the business cycle.
- Functional job loss which is caused by technological alterations which imply that the skills/knowledge of some people have become obsolete.
- Frictional unemployment which is linked to employees changing jobs and thus does not last for a long time.
What are some of the reasons for job losses?
- Gender discrimination by some employers may render girls, in particular, jobless.
- Limited access to learning.
- Skills gap.
- Geographical location of the job seekers.
- Reduced level of financial activity and low buying power of consumers.
- Restricted formal work.
- Economic decline which may led to downsizing or decrease chartering of new workers.
- Poor health situation.
- Political instability.
How can workers help to decrease unemployment? By:
- Encouraging education and skills development.
- Starting their own businesses to create more job possibilities.
- Advising their employer to use labour intensive technology.
- Asking their employer to provide opportunities for young graduates to do apprenticeships or internships.
- Paying levies regularly to the government to be utilised in job creation plans.
- Supporting the development of small businesses.
- Avoiding discrimination at the workplace.
- Advising government on interventions that can lead to the decrease of unemployment.
Find out about Hours and Overtime in Uganda.